GeoTLDs

What are GeoTLDs?

Generic top-level domains (gTLDs) whose string are based on a geographic name such as .berlin, .corsica, istanbul or .africa, geographic identifier such as .nyc or .bcn or geographic origin such as .irish or .gal are geographic top-level domains (short GeoTLDs). GeoTLDs have the purpose of serving the respective geographic place, language and culture by an corresponding GeoTLD.

Narrow ICANN definition of GeoTLDs

However, ICANN has defined GeoTLDs as those top-level domains that have been identified by ICANN’s Geographic Names Panel within the criteria for a geographic name contained in the Applicant Guidebook Section 2.2.1.4. only. The criteria are well defined and include ISO 3166 and other geographic identifier lists. One criterion is the need for a support or non-objection of the relevant government responsible for a certain geographich name.

Wider general Definition of GeoTLDs

In principle any geographic name, abbreviation or other identifier can be seen as a GeoTLD. Examples may include

  • Names of continents such as .asia, .africa or .america
  • Names of countries such as .allemagne, .russia or .republicofkongo
  • Names of federal stated such as .bavaria, .florida or .victoria
  • Names of cities such as .moscow, .rome or .sanfrancisco
  • Names of regions such as .baltic, .micronesia or caribbean
  • Abbreviations such as .usa, .nyc or .rio
  • Designiations of origins such as .cognac, .chianti or .norwegian
  • Language names such as .dutch, .suwaheli or africaans
  • Cultural names such as .celtic, .roman, .indian
  • Names of oceans, lakes, rivers, mountains, landscape, etc.
  • Other names

Not all gegraphic names are under governmental protection and may not fall under ICANN’s rules.

GeoTLDs according to ICANN

Here you find a list of all 51 GeoTLD that are delegated (being live) and contracted with ICANN as a GeoTLD.

GeoTLD String according to ICANN
GeoTLD Operator (link to application) Country
ABUDHABI Abu Dhabi Systems and Information Centre AE
AFRICA ZA Central Registry NPC trading as Registry.Africa US
ALSACE REGION D ALSACE FR
AMSTERDAM Gemeente Amsterdam NL
BAR Punto 2012 Sociedad Anonima Promotora de Inversion de Capital Variable MX
BARCELONA Municipi de Barcelona ES
BAYERN Bayern Connect GmbH DE
BERLIN dotBERLIN GmbH & Co. KG DE
BRUSSELS DNS.be vzw BE
BUDAPEST Minds + Machines Group Limited US
CAPETOWN ZA Central Registry NPC trading as ZA Central Registry ZA
COLOGNE NetCologne Gesellschaft für Telekommunikation mbH DE
CYMRU Nominet UK GB
DOHA Communications Regulatory Authority (CRA) QA
DUBAI Dubai Smart Government Department AE
DURBAN ZA Central Registry NPC trading as ZA Central Registry ZA
GENT COMBELL GROUP NV/SA BE
HAMBURG Hamburg Top-Level-Domain GmbH DE
HELSINKI City of Helsinki FI
ISTANBUL Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality TR
JOBURG ZA Central Registry NPC trading as ZA Central Registry ZA
KOELN NetCologne Gesellschaft für Telekommunikation mbH DE
KYOTO Academic Institution: Kyoto Jyoho Gakuen JP
LONDON Dot London Domains Limited GB
MADRID Comunidad de Madrid ES
MELBOURNE The Crown in right of the State of Victoria, represented by its Department of State Development, Business and Innovation AU
MIAMI Top Level Domain Holdings Limited US
MOSCOW Foundation for Assistance for Internet Technologies and Infrastructure Development (FAITID) RU
NAGOYA GMO Registry, Inc. JP
NRW Minds + Machines GmbH DE
NYC The City of New York by and through the New York City Department of Information Technology & Telecommunications US
OKINAWA BusinessRalliart inc. JP
OSAKA Interlink Co., Ltd. JP
PARIS City of Paris FR
QUEBEC PointQuébec Inc CA
RIO Empresa Municipal de Informática SA – IPLANRIO BR
SAARLAND dotSaarland GmbH DE
STOCKHOLM Stockholms kommun SE
SYDNEY State of New South Wales, Department of Premier and Cabinet AU
TAIPEI Taipei City Government TW
TIROL punkt Tirol GmbH AT
TOKYO GMO Registry, Inc. JP
VLAANDEREN DNS.be vzw BE
WALES Nominet UK GB
WIEN punkt.wien GmbH AT
YOKOHAMA GMO Registry, Inc. JP
ZUERICH Kanton Zürich (Canton of Zurich) CH
москва Foundation for Assistance for Internet Technologies and Infrastructure Development (FAITID) RU
ابوظبي Abu Dhabi Systems and Information Centre AE
佛山 Guangzhou YU Wei Information Technology Co., Ltd. CN
广东 Guangzhou YU Wei Information Technology Co., Ltd. CN

Source: https://gtldresult.icann.org/application-result/applicationstatus/viewstatus

Further GeoTLDs

Here you find list of other GeoTLD that have applied at ICANN but which were not considered to be GeoTLD according to the ICANN rules:

GeoTLD String according to ICANN GeoTLD Operator (link to application) Country
AQUITAINE* Région d’Aquitaine FR
AMAZON* Amazon, Inc. US
BCN* Municipi de Barcelona ES
BZH* Association www.bzh FR
CATALONIA*-** Generalitat de Catalunya ES
CORSICA* Collectivité Territoriale de Corse  FR
EUS* Puntueus Fundazioa ES, FR
GAL* Asociación puntoGAL ES, PR
FRL* FRLregistry B.V. NL
IRISH* Dot-Irish LLC US
IST* Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality TR
PATAGONIA*-** Patagonia, Inc.  AR
PYC* Rusnames Limited  RU
ROMA** Top Level Domain Holdings Limited TH
RUHR* regiodot GmbH & Co. KG DE
RYUKYU* BusinessRalliart inc. JP
SCOT* Dot Scot Registry Limited GB
SWISS* Swiss Confederation  CH
TATA* TATA SONS LIMITED RU
TATAR* Limited Liability Company “Coordination Center of Regional Domain of Tatarstan Republic”  RU
THAI*-** Better Living Management Company Limited  TH
TUI*** TUI AG TH
VEGAS* Dot Vegas, Inc. US
ZULU** Minds + Machines Group Limited US

* The Geographic Names Panel has determined that the string does not fall within the criteria for a geographic name contained in the Applicant Guidebook Section 2.2.1.4.

** Withdrawn application

*** The Geographic Names Panel has determined that the string falls within the criteria for a geographic name contained in the Applicant Guidebook Section 2.2.1.4. The applicant was contacted to provide documentation of support/non-objection per Section 2.2.1.4.3 of the Applicant Guidebook.

Source: https://gtldresult.icann.org/application-result/applicationstatus/viewstatu

Wikipedia

At Wikipedia you will find an entry on GeoTLDs at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/GeoTLD